Service Line Inventory Project


Service Line Inventory Project – Lead and Drinking Water

Public health is our number one priority, and your drinking water meets all Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) strict health standards. Paris Combined Utilities water is safe, high-quality, and does not contain lead when it leaves the treatment plant. However, if there are lead pipes on your property, there is a risk of lead entering the drinking water.

Household plumbing used lead piping well into the 1980s, until it was banned by Congress in 1986. Lead can be present in some pipes that connect older homes to the public water system, as well as within the home’s plumbing.

Due to Federal Regulations, the City of Paris is conducting an inventory of all service lines that are in and touching the system. An update to the EPA’s guidelines requires all water providers in the US to complete this inventory.

The City needs your help. The best way to complete this inventory is for each resident and homeowner to identify the material of their service line. If you are able, please take a picture and email your address and the material to

Your line may be made of plastic. It also may be made of lead, copper, or galvanized steel. Below are some graphics to help you identify your service line material:


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Below are some Frequently Asked Questions on the Service Line Inventory Project

What is lead?

Lead is a naturally occurring metal that may be harmful if inhaled or swallowed. Lead does not naturally occur in water, but may be leached into water from plumbing fixtures, lead based solder, and service lines.

What is a Service Line?

The pipe that connects your household plumbing to the water main in the street is called a Service Line. Service Lines past the water meter are not part of the public water system and are the responsibility of the property owner.


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What does a Lead Service Line Look Like?

Lead service lines are generally a dull gray color and are soft. You can identify them easily by carefully scratching with a key. If the pipe is made of lead, the area you scratched will turn a bright silver color.

Do not use a knife or other sharp instrument and take care not to puncture a hole in the pipe.

Note: galvanized piping can also be dull gray in color. A strong magnet will typically cling to galvanized pipe, but will not cling to lead pipes.

The best way to know what kind of plumbing and service lines you have in your home is to hire a licensed plumber.

What happens if I have a lead service line?

If you have a lead service line, the City of Paris encourages you to replace your service line. The property owner is responsible for any portion of the service line after the meter. The actual cost of the service line replacement depends on several factors including length of service line, where the service line is located, and the technique used to install the service line. Please contact a licensed plumber to discuss a lead service line replacement. It is always a good idea to get a quote in advance of hiring a professional plumber to do work in your home. The City of Paris cannot recommend plumbers.

Immediately after a lead service line replacement, you will need to flush the service line.

Does the City perform Lead Sampling?

The results from samples collected in the water system are included in the annual water quality report (also known as the Consumer Confidence Report). Results are available by calling the Water Plant at 859-987-2118

Because service lines, faucet fixtures, household pipes, and/or solder can contribute significantly to the lead and copper levels in tap water, we ask our customers to collect samples in their homes. These samples are collected on a tri-annual basis (by monitoring once every three years) at homes that are considered vulnerable based on when they were constructed, and the materials used. We do this monitoring according to the requirements of the Lead and Copper Rule by the EPA.

Is water the only source of lead in homes and businesses?

No. Lead in drinking water generally represents only about 20% of total exposures according to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention.